Five largest national parks
All countries of the world are interested in the preservation of rare species of animals, plants. For hundreds of years of active development of technology, many species are at risk of extinction. States increase the number of national parks, reserves annually. Entry usually does not require special permits, but visitors must observe strict rules of conduct. Let’s talk about the five largest national parks which amaze with their scale, flora, and fauna species.
Plitvice Lakes National Park
This fabulous place became Croatia’s first national park back in 1949. The park is located in the central part of the country, surrounded by forests of caves and springs. Today, its area is 29,482 hectares. Pedestrian zones and paths were built only in 1958, and the park became available to visitors.
The distinctive feature of the park is 16 lakes located in a cascade, 140 different areas of waterfalls, 20 caves. Plitvice lakes are located on two levels. The upper ones lie in a dolomite valley surrounded by thick forests. Lower lakes are located on limestone rock and are small in size. The water in the lakes has an unusual bright emerald blue color. Such a height difference leads to the formation of dozens of waterfalls. The highest waterfall reaches almost 80 meters.
All this natural richness looks beautiful in any season. In summer it is a cascade of ponds, and in winter everything turns into a snowy fairy tale. Spring and autumn are also a very attractive time to visit one of the world’s largest national park and the object of the UNESCO World Heritage Register.
The Great Barrier Reef
This ecosystem is located off the coast of Australia, covering 348,700 square kilometers and growing in the literal sense. The corals have already spread out over nearly 3,000 kilometers along with the continent and form islands. It is the largest creation of living organisms on Earth, so you can see it even from space. This way we can call it the biggest national park in the world.
Many living things cannot imagine life without this unique ecosystem, including tens of thousands of Australians. Since 1981, the Great Barrier Reef has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Cultural Heritage List.
If you’ve ever wondered about life in the underwater world, you’ve probably seen a film about this miracle. It is one of the most popular locations for making popular science movies. Of course, it’s so beautiful that you can just turn the camera on and enjoy the result!
It’s always hot, and you can come regardless of the season. But remember the poisonous features of Australia’s fauna. Hundreds of islands, thousands of reefs, endless fish, mollusks, sea animals, and many of them are dangerous. It’s home to the largest concentration of corals in the world. Be careful if you want to visit this carnival of underwater life.
In 1951, the first national park in north Wales was declared the picturesque landscape of 2,170 square kilometers. The place was named after Mount Snowdon, Britain’s highest point. The park includes public and private land, which is rarely found in other countries. On the other hand, the industrial part, necessary for the development of the region’s economy, has continued to function in harmony with nature and the locals. Traditional villages with tens of thousands of Welsh people have been preserved in the park.
Snowdonia divided into several parts, and access to most of them does not require special permission. You can freely explore nature on foot on a bike or even on horseback as around 300km of paths have been built for easy access.
The most popular activity is the conquest of the highest point of the islands – Mount Snowden. Climbing does not require complex equipment and does not even require physical training of a climber. All this makes Snowden one of the most loyal, accessible, and one of the most beautiful national parks in the world.
Kakadu National Park
The Kakadu Reserve is located in northern Australia, 171 km east of Darwin, in the Northern Territory. It is a vast and unique area of 19,800 square kilometers. It is thus the largest park on the continent.
Its name is dedicated to the misinterpretation of the language spoken by the Aborigines, not the famous bird, Kakadu. That’s how Europeans twisted the word Gagadju. Despite the active colonization and destructive processes that it entailed at that time, the local people have preserved these territories and live here even today. Their history is treated with respect and protected.
Besides cultural and ethnic heritage, these places have preserved nature intact. The soil has unique biological and chemical composition. In the South, there is the Alligator River, and the plains are occupied by eucalyptus thickets. The flora of the reserve has 1,700 unique plants, which cannot be found on other continents. The diverse climate allows preserving endangered species of animals.
Komodo National Park
Komodo National Park was opened in the center of the Indonesian archipelago in 1980. The properties of the national park contain 603 square kilometers of land and 1,214 square kilometers of turquoise seawater. The original purpose of the park was to protect an endangered unique giant varan called the Komodo. However, over time, the purpose of the national park has been to preserve wildlife, both terrestrial and marine. Since 1991, this area has been included in the UNESCO list of cultural heritage.
Indonesia has a diverse composition of fauna – rare species: the Indonesian dragon, the population of Varanasi. It is important, lovers of active rest can always go scuba diving, dive to get acquainted with the underwater world. A unique number of species of flora and fauna has made it the most popular park in Indonesia. The rainy season is short-lived and takes place in January. The rest of the year in Indonesia is hot to 40 degrees Celsius.
Preserving the environment, the animal, and the bird world is important for every person. The territories of the reserves are expanding, replenishing with new species of flora and fauna for this purpose every year. We recommend visiting the best national parks in the world, which will give a lot of positive emotions while enjoying the untouched nature.
Also read about the urban parks, which allow you to touch nature without leaving the city.